Eczema is a term used to describe a wide array of skin inflammation or dermatitis. There are some categories when it comes to dermatitis such as allergic, contact, nummular and irritant eczema.

Eczema patients are also likely to suffer from food allergies. There is the inherent difference in individuals, and as such, it is essential to know your food needs to keep the effects or occurrence of allergies and eczema in check. Despite not affecting everyone, common food allergies with the established connection to inflammation include:

  • Eggs
  • Cow’s milk
  • Soy products
  • Nuts
  • Gluten
  • Fish and shellfish

It is important to note that consumption of certain foods doesn't cause eczema, but may have a trigger effect and flare-up the symptoms if the patient already had an existing condition. The dietary plan for an individual is therefore significant in controlling eczema. People will have varied reactions to consumption of the same type of food.

Recommended Foods To Help Control Eczema

We are breaking down the top recommended foods that have been shown to help control eczema.

Fatty Fish

Fatty fish are a necessary part of your diet. The Omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil have clinically proven anti-inflammatory qualities. 

Foods Rich In Quercetin

As a plant-based flavonoid (plant compounds with antioxidant qualities), quercetin is a vital component found in fruits, flowers, and vegetables. It is the component responsible for their vibrant color. Apart from its benefit as an antioxidant, it is an effective antihistamine. This quality makes it essential in reducing inflammation and lowering histamine levels in your body.

Foods with good quercetin content include:

  • Blueberries
  • Apples
  • Kale
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Cherries

Foods With Probiotic Content

Foods rich in probiotics ensure the strength of the immune system. A reliable system can reduce allergic reactions and flare-ups. With benefits of a robust immune system not benefiting only those trying to use diet to control eczema, consistent intake of all foods that aid the immune system remains crucial for everyone.

Foods rich in probiotics include:

  • Miso soup
  • Sourdough bread
  • Soft cheeses, like Gouda
  • Naturally fermented pickles
  • Tempeh
  • Kefir

Recommended Foods To Avoid

In the same manner, those that endeavor to control eczema with a diet containing certain types of food, there are those that should be avoided to reduce the risk of reactions and flare-ups. These foods that are known to trigger allergic reactions.

The standard food allergies are:

  • Eggs
  • Soy
  • Dairy products
  • Nuts

The presence of preservatives and artificial ingredients is likely to increase the possibility of a reaction or flare-up. One should avoid foods rich in trans-fats such as margarine, processed foods, and fast foods.

It is advisable to avoid high-sugar foods as they may exacerbate symptoms. Sugar intake causes a rise in insulin levels, which can, in turn, lead to inflammation. High-sugar foods that fall into this category include:

  • Certain sodas
  • Some coffee drinks
  • Some smoothies
  • Fast foods, like burgers

For the suppression of eczema symptoms, specific dietary plans can be employed.

Mediterranean diet: This diet plan emphasizes the consumption of fruits, fish, vegetables, and healthy fats (like olive oil). Desserts with a high sugar content are reduced to a minimum or avoided in this diet plan.

Anti-inflammatory diet: This is a food plan that focuses on the elimination of inflammation-causing foods, with a corresponding increase in the intake of those rich in fiber. The significant components of this plan are whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and fish, which are rich in Omega-3.

Choosing a good diet for your child is a critical tool for controlling eczema symptoms. Helping to control eczema through diet will, however, require the discipline to make sound choices in planning your menu, and this has to be done consistently for maximum benefits.